Brihadeeswarar Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram


Brihadeeswarar temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram was supposed to be the bigger version of the same temple in Tanjore. It was built by the son of King Rajraja who built the temple in Tanjore after he had gone up to the Ganga in the East and came back with its water as a mark of victory. It seems he built a complete city surrounding the temple. But it is only the Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple that survives today. Everything else is in complete ruins.

Brihadeeswara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram
Brihadeeswara Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram

When you reach the temple, it almost seems to be standing alone in the middle of nowhere. After Pattadakal this is the second world heritage site in India where you do not have any facilities around the monument. Not even basic food.

Nandi Statue in stone at the complex
Nandi Statue in stone at the complex

Brihadeeswarar Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple is probably the biggest built by the Chola dynasty. It is more or less a replica of the temple at Tanjore. And is only one generation younger than that. The thought must have been to build a bigger and mightier temple. To establish or match the perceived grandeur of the new king. But somehow Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple loses out on the rhythm that the original temple has. As C Sivamurti rightly puts it, this temple looks very masculine compared to the Tanjore one which is more feminine with its perfect proportions. The Nandi here is not monolithic like Tanjore one. And as of today sits on the open ground instead of a platform.

The subsidiary shrines also occupy similar places in the temple complex as in Tanjore. The vastness of the temple indicates the life of the times that must have been centered around the temple as was the prestige of the patron king.

Landscape view of Brihadeeswarar Temple complex, Gangaikonda Cholapuram
Landscape view of the temple complex

Chola Temple

Gopurams if any were there, are missing today. Though the entrance does give the impression that there might have been a gopuram here. Two images of Dwarapalas have been kept at the entrance. And they do create the ambiance of the entrance as it might have been. The side entrances to the sanctum are also flanked by huge Dwarapalas that are approached through a flight of steps, a typical feature of Chola temples. The sculptures on the walls depict the Shiva in his various avatars known by various names. Bare parts of walls give an impression of being unfinished and lack the finesse of the other temples. On the ceiling of one of the pavilions and in a few niches, I could see the traces of paintings, elsewhere time seems to have taken a toll on them.


A unique feature of this temple is the image of a Lion through whose body a staircase leads to the well, called Simhakanar. Waters of Ganga were put in this well to be used for the perpetual supply of it for the Abhisheka of the deity.

Stone statues at the complex
Stone statues at the complex

Being under ASI, Gangaikonda Cholapuram temple priests are also appointed by them. Rather than the traditional priests who would have inherited the position in the temple. The lawns on the premises are well maintained. The temple is a practicing living temple. But it misses the life that you see in Tanjore around the temple. It made me think if it is really the God present in the temples that make the place come alive or if is it the devotees who make the place come alive with their devotion.

UNESCO World Heritage Site – Brihadeeswarar Temple

It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, India. Belongs to the category of Great Living Chola Temples. It is one of the tourist attractions of Tamil Nadu. Built during the times of Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty in 1014-44 CE.

Recommend you to read the following Places to visit in Tamil Nadu.

Understanding Chola Bronzes

Maratha Palace Tanjore – Maratha Might in South India

Largest living temple at Srirangam Trichy

Big Temple or Brihadeeswara Temple, Thanjavur

Madurai Rameshwaram – A Travelogue


  1. Hello… Thank You so much for this beautiful sharing. Tamil Nadu has a extensive tradition of respected culture. Tamil Nadu is known for its rich tradition of literature, music and dance which carry on to grow today. single cultural features like Bharatanatyam (dance), Tanjore painting, and Tamil architecture were developed and continue to be practiced in Tamil Nadu.


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