Indian Cities named after Devi is the result of a random quiz that we posted on IndiTales FB Page and Twitter Handle. When we posted the quiz, I could think of 5 cities that were named after Devi. I put the 3 most obvious ones and asked for more.
I had no idea that the response would take me to so many cities. Some were obvious, Like Ambala, but I never noticed the connection. Others like Meerjapur that we often confuse as Mirzapur, led to some questions with some delightful answers.
When I sat down to compile the list from Twitter and FB, it looked like the whole India had an imprint of Devi on it. She is present through her shrines. We, of course, know of her 51 Shaktipeethas that are present across the length and breadth of Indian sub-continent. However, none of these cities were named after those Shaktipeethas. So, if you add those 51 places and place them on the map of India, you would see how dominant the Shakti is.
A couple of cities came from outside the current political boundaries of India. Can you believe the capital of Bangladesh – Dhaka gets its names from a Goddess – Dakineshwari Devi.
Personally, it was a sheer revelation to know about all these cities that get their name from the name of a Devi. Each city has the temple of the Devi they are named after. I wanted to have pictures of all these temples, but that would take some time. So, sharing the list as it is.
You can help us build this post by sharing images of the temples mentioned here:
List of Indian Cities Named Devi
Mumbai (Maharashtra) – Mumba Devi or Maha-Amba Devi – the patron goddess of Koli community.
Chandigarh (Chandigarh)– Chandi Devi
Mangalore (Karnataka) – Mangla Devi
Shimla (Himachal Pradesh)– Shyamala Devi
Kolkata (West Bengal) – Kali Devi
Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu) – Kanyakumari
Tuljapur (Maharashtra) – Tulja Bhawani
Tripura (Tripura) – Tripur Sundari
Hassan (Karnataka) – Hassanambe
Ambejogai (Maharashtra) – Amba Jogeshwari
Mysuru (Karnataka) – Mahishasurmardini
Ambala (Haryana) – Bhawani Amba Devi
Durgapur (West Bengal) – Durga
Nainital (Uttarakhand) – Naini Devi
Patna (Bihar) – Paatan Devi
Kiriteshwar (West Bengal) – Kiriteshwari Devi
Bhaucharji (Gujarat) – Bahuchar Mata
Sri Nagar (Jammu & Kashmir) – Sri Devi or Lakshmi Devi. It is also Sri Chakra manifesting itself at Sharika Devi Peeth on Hari Parvat.
Jind (Haryana) – Jayanti Devi – Jaintapuri – believed to be setup by Pandavas
Ambaji (Gujarat) – Amba Devi
Vijaywada (Andhra Pradesh) – Vijay Durga or Kanak Durga
Sambalpur (Odisha) – Samalai Devi / Samleshwari
Dantewada (Chhattisgarh) – Danteshwari
Kalka (Haryana) – Kalika Devi
Solan (Himachal Pradesh) – Shoolini Devi
Ambikapur (Chhatissgarh) – Ambika Devi
Ara (Bihar) – Aranya Devi
Meerjapur (Uttar Pradesh) – Lakshmi Meerja means born from ocean, which is Laxmi.
Cuttak (Odisha) – Katak Chandi
Bhadrak (Odisha) – Bhandrakali
Sambhar (Rajasthan) – Shakambari Devi – You might remember Sambhar Salt Lake – it is the same town.
Tarapith (West Bengal) – Ma Tara
Kolar – Kolaramma Devi
Mt Abu – Arbuda Devi Temple, Arbudaranya
Chotila (Gujarat) – Chamunda Devi
Dewas (Madhya Pradesh) – Dewas comes from Devi Vaas after Devi, On Vaishini Hill there are three Devi Temples Tulja Bhawani, Chandika, Kalika
Chandipur (Odisha) – Bhudara Chandi Devi
Sitamarhi (Bihar) – Janki Devi – the birthplace of Sita
Vishakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) – Vaishakha – this temple is now believed to be submerged in the sea
Vallikavu (Kollam, Kerala) – Sri Valli Devi
Coimbatore (Tamil Nadu) – Name is Koyambatoor or Koni-Amman Pudur after Koni Amman
Bharmour (Himachal Pradesh) – Bharmani Mata
Dhaka (Bangladesh) – Dakineshwari Devi or Dhakeshwari Devi – Internet tells me that this is the National Temple of Bangladesh.
Chittagong (Bangladesh) – Chhateshwari Devi. Chittagong was also known as Chhatagram
Names I do not have confirmation on:
- Tarapur (?) – Should be named after Ma Tara, but I could not find the reference.
- Amdavad (Gujarat) – Ahmedabad was once known as Ashaval, Karnavati, Rajnagar, and Srinagar or Shripur. Would the last name come from the association of Devi? Are there any temples dedicated to Sri or Laxmi?
- Kangra (Himachal Pradesh) – Kangra Devi also known as Vrajeshwari Devi.
- Colaba in Mumbai – Kalbadevi.
- Sitabhengra (Chhattisgarh) – It is a cave, not sure if it is a city.
- Delhi – Was once known as Yoginipura. There is one surviving Yogini temple – Yogmaya.
- Kolhapur (Maharashtra) – Kollamma Devi or Kolhasur?
- Ambattur (Tamil Nadu) – Named after 51st Shakti Peetha of Devi, Goddess worshipped here is Vaishnavi.
You may not recognize the names of some of the Devis mentioned in this list. Remember, these may be the Gram Devi’s or local deities.
Do you know of any other cities named after Devi or a Goddess? Please do let us know in the comments below and we will add it to the list.
Thank you, everyone, on Twitter who responded to the question. This is our second crowdsourced post after Indian Cities with Two or More Rivers.
Would you like to participate in more such collaborations? Please share your ideas in the comments below.