Kota Gede – Walk Through Charming Old Town Of Yogyakarta

Kotagede Street Art , Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Kota Gede Street Art

Kota Gede is for heritage hunters like me. It is for people, who like me like to get lost in narrow lanes of past. It is for people who love heritage that exists in a common man’s house and its surroundings. If you like walking around the old town in the oldest living quarters of a city, come along. Let me take you for a walk in Kota Gede also called Kotagede.

Where is Kota Gede? Well, it is a suburb of Yogyakarta in Central Java, Indonesia.

What is Kota Gede?

Traditional Houses of Kota Gede
Traditional Houses of Kota Gede

Kota Gede literally means the big city or the great city. It is the oldest living neighborhood of Yogyakarta. It was once the capital of Mataram kings way back in late 16th CE. I, however, see it more as a place where wealthy merchants lived. They built houses with thick walls to take care of their abundant wealth.

Today, it is home to silversmiths. Go there to do your silver shopping or just to see how finely carved silverware is made.

Narrow decorated streets of Kota Gede, jogja
Narrow decorated streets of Kotagede

Narrow lanes of Kota Gede reminded me of Pols of Ahmedabad. These lanes also fit into each other like a jigsaw puzzle connecting small sub-neighborhoods. There are small gated communities of few houses with their very interesting security arrangements. The exteriors of the houses have intricately carved wooden panels or brackets in both places.

You can find Hindu, Muslim & Christian houses in Kota Gede. I loved the way our guide showed us how to identify the houses. All houses have wood carvings on their doors and windows. A Hindu house has a lotus carved, Muslim house has calligraphy and Christian ones have a crown carved. Sometimes you have to make an effort to decipher, but more often than not, you would find those symbols.

Kota Gede Traditional Market

Women handle most stalls at Kota Gede Market
Women handle most stalls at Kota Gede Market

Any small town or maybe even bigger ones revolve around a market. A traditional market sits at the heart of Kota Gede as well. We took a walk around this market that does not seem very different from our own markets. But each market must have something that makes it distinct.

So, this is what I found at Kota Gede market. Like most local markets in Asia, this is also primarily run by women. Most stalls have a woman behind them.

Coconut grating Machine, kotagede
Coconut grating Machine

A coconut grating machine – how our South Indian women would love it.

Neatly piled coconut shells
Neatly piled coconut shells

At another place, I saw these coconut shells neatly arranged. Now, you know that Indonesians eat a lot of coconuts.

Fish packets at Kota Gede Market, Jogja
Fish packets at Kota Gede Market, Jogja

The fish market was quite like the fish market in Goa, but what was different was these neatly packed ready to pick packaging of the fish. Some of the fish seems marinated but as a vegetarian can’t say much about it.

A basketful of Tofu, Kota Gede Yogyakarta
A basketful of Tofu

Tofu is what I get to eat all the time in South East Asia, but this is the first time I saw how it is sold in the local markets. In a pile in the bamboo baskets.

Walking around Kota Gede

Beautifully Carved doors at KotaGede, Yogyakarta
Beautifully Carved doors

Old city walls can still be seen at Kota Gede.

Located close to Merapi Volcano, most areas in Java are prone to volcanic eruptions and earthquakes. You can see the impact of earthquakes on houses here. Some empty houses will tell the story who decided to move after such mishaps.

Charming wooden doors - Kotagede
Charming wooden doors

Walking around we saw many beautiful carved doors.

Traditional Community Alarm System
Traditional Community Alarm System

An interesting part of Kota Gede was Alun-Alun village where there are 10 or so interconnected houses and they are located between two gates. Lately, this lane has come to be known as “Between Two Gates”. There was a huge wooden horn like a bell and a stick hanging outside a house. I conveniently thought this was a doorbell. And yes, I was wrong for people in this kind of communities hardly need a doorbell. This is a security stick – if someone senses a danger, to inform the community of the same. In simple words, it helped to keep the thieves away. Simple & Creative – I must say.

Colors of Kota Gede
Colors of Kota Gede

It is difficult to put in words how it feels to walk in those narrow lanes. It is like sleepwalking in another era.

Street Art at Kota Gede

Wall mural depicting women at work - Kota Gede
Wall mural depicting women at work – Kota Gede

I believe street art is a recent phenomenon. It is like the current day trend around the world.

Street Art - Kota Gede
Street Art – Kota Gede

Just a glimpse of the street art at Kota Gede in Yogyakarta.

Ndondongan Area

Wall of the Royal Tombs - Kota Gede
Wall of the Royal Tombs – Kota Gede

This is the only area in Kota Gede where you see a well-preserved heritage building – the royal tombs & a mosque. It is a brick structure with connected compounds.

Men in traditional Dress at Local festival
Men in traditional Dress at a Local festival

The day we were here, there was a local festival going on. We saw artists sitting & painting. Children with painted faces danced around as the sponsors Air Asia distributed hand fans to everyone.

A dancer in her elaborate costume
A dancer in her elaborate costume

It was a pleasure to be a part of the local celebration.

Art, Craft, Food @ Kota Gede

Silver Jewellery

I could not meet a silversmith but I received this lovely silver brooch. Does it not remind you of filigree work from Odisha.

Well, Java and Odisha had trade links on ancient times. We would never know which one of them developed this skill & which one of them adopted it. Or could it have been a joint effort?

Batik – DIY

Batik Workshop
A Batik Workshop

Batik printing using the traditional wax method can be found across South East Asia. At Kote Gede, you can try your hands at Batik, as we did.

Painting with the wax
Painting with the wax

Trace the design on a piece of cloth with was, and then dip it in the color before putting it in the hot water to remove the wax.

Jamu Tasting

Jamu is nothing but drinks made from various herbs and fruits. I tried the one with lime, honey & ginger – it was refreshing, especially after all the walking we did in Kota Gede.

As an Indian, we are familiar with most of the tastes, but some of the combinations were new. The lady explained the advantages of each of the drinks – like this cleans your skin, this cleans your stomach, this is good for digestion etc.

How to reach Kota Gede?

Street Signs at Kota Gede
Street Signs at Kota Gede
  • You can always take a taxi or a bus to reach Kota Gede.
  • However, I suggest you take a ride on Becak – it is a twisted version of our very own cycle rickshaw.
  • Or, try riding an Andong – a horse-drawn carriage – a quirky mix of our desi tonga & and a Victorian carriage. The colorful carriages are picture perfect & would make you feel you are traveling back in time.
  • If you want to stay with the modern transportation, you can still have the quirkiness of Jogja, try the glittering Tuk Tuks or Auto Rickshaws. Remember, they look their best after sunset.

I loved walking around Kota Gede and would recommend it to anyone.

Recommend you read following travel blog on places to visit in wonderful Indonesia.

Visiting Wonderful Indonesia – First Impressions.

Borobudur Temple – Heritage Jewel of Indonesia.

Arborek – Glimpse of heaven called Raja Ampat in Indonesia.

Storytelling ruins of Prambanan temple, Java, Indonesia.


    • Durga, there are many such old quarters in India. I have written about a lot of them from Delhi & Hyderabad. Yes, tourism ministry can do something about promoting it, but so can we, by visiting them & by sharing pictures of them so that others go.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here