National Symbols Of India – Travel To Discover India


This is 26th January – the day we as a country got ourselves a new identity. The new identity needed some symbols – Symbols of India that collectively reflect the different aspects of the country.

National Symbols of India

Travel To Discover National Symbols Of India

So this republic day, Let me take you around India with the National Symbols of India.

Sarnath for the National emblem – Lion Capital of Ashoka

Lion Capital of Ashoka as National Emblem of India
Lion Capital of Ashoka as National Emblem of India, Image – Shutterstock

The Lion capital from a pillar of Ashoka found at Sarnath near Varanasi can now be seen at ASI Museum in Sarnath. As soon as you enter the museum, the giant sculpture of 4 Asiatic lions facing four sides welcomes you. Lions sit on a pedestal with the relief of a wheel, a horse, a lion, a bull, and an elephant. This pedestal, in turn, sits on an inverted lotus.

I have seen lion capitals at places like Vaishali in Bihar, but since this one at Sarnath is in front of you – one realizes the size of the capital. They say a huge wheel with 24 spokes used to sit on top of this capital. Remember, Sarnath is the place associated with setting the wheel of dharma in motion. This is where Buddha gave his first sermon to his first 5 followers.

The lion capital together with the verse from Mundaka Upanishad saying Satyamev Jayate (truth alone shall triumph) completes the emblem. It can be seen on all the government stationery and all the visiting cards of government officials.

Of course, you can see it on all possible currency denominations.

Read more about others things to see in Sarnath.

Village Ponds for National Flower – Lotus

Lotus - The National Flower of India
Lotus – The National Flower of India

The Lotus flower is found literally across the country. If you travel across India, you would appreciate that Lotus truly is a flower to represent India.

My favorite place to spot Lotus is in small ponds in villages across India. I remember we saw blue lotus at the ponds of Sibasagar in Assam, and in villages of Goa, we see small versions of Lotus along with big ones. When you see the water floating on the leaves and petals of the lotus, without impacting it a bit – you know why Lotus is such a revered flower.

Lotus can also be found in ancient Indian art across the country. It is seen in both Hindu and Buddhist iconography. It is a symbol of purity & auspiciousness.

Check out this list of Rural Tourism Companies in India.

Jungles for National Animal – Royal Bengal Tiger

Alert Collarwali Tigress at Pench National Park, Tiger Reserve
Alert Collarwali Tigress at Pench National Park, Tiger Reserve

Royal Bengal Tiger is found only in the Indian subcontinent. Once upon a time, it could be found in most regions of India – if you do not believe me, look at the small Gram Devta temples where you will always find a tiger in some way or the other.

Unfortunately today you have to travel some distance to meet these royal tigers. Thankfully, their population is increasing once again.

I had a close rendezvous with a male tiger called Munna in Kanha National Park and a female tigress called Collarwali in Pench National Park.

Other good places to see tigers are Sunderbans in Bengal, Ranthambore in Rajasthan, and Bandhavgarh National Park in MP. There are many tiger reserves across the country but not many are open to the public or have enough tigers.

Chambal for National Aquatic Animal – River Dolphin

River Dolphin - the national Aquatic animal of India
River Dolphin – the National Aquatic Animal of India, Image Credit – rook76 /

River Dolphin or Susu is the freshwater river Dolphin that used to be found in abundance in River Ganga. Other major rivers like Brahmaputra and Indus also had their share of river dolphins.

At this point in time, your best bet to see an in-situ River Dolphin is the Chambal River which still has some riverine ecosystem left in it. Although the reduced depth of the river is posing its own problems for the Dolphins.

Do you know there is even a Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary in Bhagalpur, Bihar?

Bodh Gaya for National Tree – Banyan Tree

National Tree of India - Banyan Tree
National Tree of India – Banyan Tree

The banyan tree is a native Indian tree and can be traced back to all ancient Indian literature.

I had goosebumps when I saw the 5 Vat Vriksha or 5 Banyan trees that make Panchvati near Nashik. It is under this tree that Buddha attained Nirvana in Bodhgaya. You can still visit the Mahabodhi temple at Bodhgaya and see a descendant of the same tree. Buddhist devotees pick up the fallen leaves of this tree and take them home to worship. You are not allowed to pluck leaves off this tree.

Remember the stories of Vikram & Betal, all happened on a Banyan tree.

Because of its cyclic nature and self-perpetuating qualities, the Banyan tree is considered sacred. It is interesting how some of the symbols of India depict the philosophy of the land.

A lot of places in India claim to have the biggest Banyan tree. It is impossible to find the original tree trunk most of the time as the child trees are almost as old as the parent. The biggest Banyan tree I have seen is near Bangalore – somewhere in Mysore Road, I think. It is an experience to walk around the tree as if it is a palace in itself. You can easily be lost in the labyrinth.

Rajasthan for National Bird – Indian Peacock

India’s national bird Peacock is a colorful and beautiful bird. You have to see it dancing with its feathers open when it is trying to woo a peafowl.

Peacock - Indian National Bird
Peacock – Indian National Bird

Peacocks again can be found across India but I have seen most of them in Rajasthan. In Pench, I saw him beautifully posing on a tree branch showing off its colors.

Varanasi for National River – Ganga

Morning boat ride at Ganga Ghat Varanasi
National River of India – Ganga

Who does not know Ganga in India?

It originates from the Himalayas in Uttarakhand, then it flows through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar & Bengal before merging with the Indian Ocean in the Bay of Bengal. You can visit Ganga at any part of its 2500+ km length.

Ghats of Ganga at Varanasi
Ghats of Ganga in Varanasi

My favorite place to visit Ganga is in Varanasi. I know it is not clean enough there, but the ghats of the Ganga at Varanasi have to be experienced, they can not be explained.

I also enjoy Ganga at Rishikesh, especially with its newly built Aastha path that lets you walk with the river peacefully. Although I am yet to go to Allahabad, where the three rivers meet.

Ganga though is one of the iconic symbols of India.

Delhi for Indian National Flag – Tiranga

Tiranga or Tricolor - The National Flag of India
Tiranga or Tricolor – The National Flag of India, Artwork – Shutterstock

You can see it on top of any government building. Indian flag becomes ubiquitous on Republic Day and Independence Day. On 15th August it graces the historic Red Fort in Delhi. However, on your next visit to Delhi see it atop the Indian Parliament.

Read More – How to visit the Indian Parliament

Orchard near you for National Fruit of India – Mango

National Fruit of India - Mango
National Fruit of India – Mango

I do not think any Indian would disagree that Mango is the kind of fruit. Now, what Mango you like is purely a function of which one you grew up eating.

I love the Khatta Meetha Banarasi Langda or Chausa. People in western India swear by Alphonso or Hapus which I never developed a taste for. In Hyderabad, it was Bainganpalli mango whose one piece was good enough for a meal for two.

Whichever Mango you like, make sure you pluck and eat straight from the tree at least once in your life.

What is your favorite Mango?

Hope you enjoyed this journey with Symbols of India!


  1. I like how you have got these individual symbols into a string to make this a sparkling example of the most known and loved national symbols. Kudos to you for that!

  2. This was a lovely post to review symbols that we have all grown up with. Thanks for writing! The last picture with the lady and the mangoes took my attention. How did you manage to create shades of black and white + colors in the same picture?

    • Thanks, Divya. Glad you liked the post. The camera I use has a feature where you can click using selective colors. I think I selected yellow, so all other colors were black & white exvept yellow. I assume it can be done using photo editing software as well, but I have not yet tried that.

      • Langda or chausa mangoes are also famous in west Bengal.If you want to taste those,so come The Maldah district in west Bengal which is well known as the Mango city of India.

          • But remember that according to the National Investigation Agency of India Maldah is believed to be a hub of fake currency. As the Bangladesh border is near of this district of West Bengal, fake currency come in to from Pakistan via Bangladesh.

    • Naresh Ji, Do we need rules and regulations for these things that we cherish? Lotus is a flower that is found across India, is considered auspicious in all faiths and is the native flower of the land. I did not check the notifications before writing this.

  3. Understanding the meaning behind each of the above symbols is an excellent way to learn about and appreciate Indian culture. Purveyors of art, film, and religious texts will note that these expressive symbols appear consistently.


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