Wadi Rum – Wanderings In The Landscape Of Arabian Desert


Wadi Rum is the valley as the word ‘Wadi’ suggests and it is a desert, a part of the famous desert of Arabia. If you are spending your holidays in Jordan, this has to be on top of your list of things to do in the country. I visited Wadi Rum towards the end of my 5-day trip in Jordan after I had seen its wonderful tourist site – Petra and my favorite historical site – Jerash.

Wadi Rum JordanI could have very well been lost in the desert that has such a unique landscape and is home to the Bedouin tribe with tents as their homes. But I came back to tell you about my day spent there.

Allow me to take you through the must-see / must-do things in Wadi Rum.

The landscape of Wadi Rum – UNESCO World Heritage Site

Rugged Rocks of Wadi Rum Jordan
Rugged Rocks emerging out of the Sand

Wadi Rum has a unique landscape of a desert. My reference was the Thar Desert of India which can be seen around Jaisalmer. Compared to that, it has rugged rocky hills scattered all over its sandy base. If you use a bit of animated imagination it would feel as if the rocks are emerging out of the sand.

Closer look at Rocks of Wadi Rum
A closer look at Rock Surface

The texture of the rocks is absolutely rugged as if telling you about the visages of times it has seen and withstood. In places, it looks as if they melted in the harsh heat and then were frozen in the cold of the winter.

Martian landscape at Wadi Rum Jordan
Martian landscape

Many films have used the landscape of these deserts to depict the surface of Mars. Now I am not sure if it actually resembles the surface of Mars but I am sure the films will make us believe that this is the piece of Mars on earth. Wait! Is that why I saw only men in all those Bedouin Tents in Wadi Rum?

Walk around a bit, despite the heat, and absorb the landscape, for this is the best part here.

Land of Nabateans

Petroglyphs or Rock carvings , Wadi Rum, Jordan
Petroglyphs or Rock carvings

Nabataeans were the ancient inhabitants of this region and the whole of Petra City is attributed to them. They were a trading tribe that lived at the crossroads of ancient trade routes. Nabateans have left their marks in the form of Petroglyphs that can be seen on the rocks here. They are so similar to rock art that you see in places like Bhimbetka, Chhattisgarh, and even rock carvings in Goa.

A look at these petroglyphs made me wonder how the people located in various parts of the world expressed themselves so similarly. Did they meet each other and inspire each other’s work or it is just a part of the evolution that they all had the same inspiration to leave behind stories for the generations to come?

Bedouin Camps

Desert Bedouin Camp
Desert Bedouin Camp

There are camping accommodations available at Wadi Rum and I am sure it would be one hell of an experience to camp in the desert. However, I just did a day trip and missed the fun of staying in a camp. But I did have the joy of having lunch at Rahayeb Desert Camp.

Bedouin campfire
What is a Bedouin camp without a campfire?

The cooking was done in a so-called ‘traditional’ way where a whole animal was hung upside down on top is a simmering fire. My vegetarian sensibilities kept me closer to the salad table.

Camel Ride

Camel Ride Wadi Rum Jordan
Camels and the desert

Camels and deserts can just not be separated. In fact, the image of one is incomplete without the other. So, go ahead and take a camel ride in the desert. It is a bit tricky to get on and get off a camel but the guys around will help you out.

Closer look at Camel Caravan at Wadi Rum Jordan
A closer look at Camel Caravan

All too familiar with the terrain and the soft bed of sand, camels will move at their own pace. They would want to wander on their own every now and then. The reins in the hands of the camel man would keep them on their path. You will go up and down with its hump, scared that you may fall anytime, but not many falls. Camels know how to manage the load on their shoulders.

Camel Head
View from Camel Top – Most of the time 🙂

The view from the camel top, that is if you can focus on it, is very different from what you get on foot or even from a vehicle. So, try and gather as much of it as possible.

Jeep Drive

4X4 Jeep Drive through the desert of Wadi Rum, Jordan
4X4 Jeep Drive through the desert

The easiest way to go around is on a 4X4 drive – that zooms through the desert and takes you to its popular points. The most famous is the Lawrence of Arabia point where you can see some faces carved on the stones. Honestly, there is nothing great about these faces until you hear a story that tells you that this is a commemorative carving.

Face Carved on a Rock Wadi Rum Jordan
Face Carved on a Rock

It is a good point to stop, have a cup of tea with the Bedouins, admire the landscape, and move on. The heat will not let you do so much.

Bird of Desert at Wadi Rum, Jordan
Bird of Desert

I was fortunate to spot this lovely bird on the stones near the tent. No idea, what it is called, and any help to identify this would be highly appreciated.

Tea at Bedouin Camp

Bedouin camp at Wadi Rum, Jordan
Bedouin camp in the desert

Bedouin camp tents – the real ones are made of goat hair and can cost you a fortune. Our guide told us the story of Bedouins and said that they are nomadic but not poor. How interesting, you have all the means but you choose to be nomadic. He told us the most valuable possession of Bedouins besides their impeccable hospitality – their goat-haired tents. Can you imagine how many goats would have to donate their hair and how many nimble human hands would have to weave them into full-fledged tents?

Let me tell you Bedouin camp tents are not like small huts, they are like small mansions with red and black woven walls.

Tea making in a Bedouin camp
Tea making in a Bedouin camp

In the middle of the Bedouin camp sits a tea space –amber burning with a teapot sitting on them – constantly brewing sweet tea for anyone who enters the tents. No, this is not for sale. This is the most common sign of Bedouin hospitality where anyone stepping into the tent is offered cups of sweet tea and no money is ever accepted for this. Some tents have a corner shop where you can, of course, pick up some Bedouin Souvenirs.

The Arab Revolution Show on Hejaz Railways

Re-creating the Arab Revolution of 1916, Wadi Rum, Jordan
Re-creating the Arab Revolution of 1916

There is a heritage railway line passing through the desert. A part of the train still runs for the tourist and you can see it at Wadi Rum station. They even re-create the 1916 Arab Revolution on this train. Read my detailed post on the Hejaz Railway and the unique story of how it was built.

Wadi Rum is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Wadi Rum - A UNESCO World Heritage Site
A UNESCO World Heritage Site

Video of Drive through Wadi Rum Desert

Watch the video clip of wanderings.

Practical Tips

Jeep Safari
Jeep Safari
  • It lies between the city of Amman and Aqaba. You can do it as a day trip from either of them. There is bus connectivity but it would be easier to do it with a cab.
  • It is easy to get lost in the landscape, so take the services of a local guide.
  • Carry a lot of water with you and if your skin is sensitive – use a lot of sunscreens.
  • Dress modestly – would be helpful both culturally and climatically.

Recommend you to read the following Jordan tourist attractions.

Amman Citadel – History of Jordan in a Nutshell


  1. I love your travelogues Anuradha! Question for you — it’s been my dream to visit Petra some day — how hard is it to travel in Jordan for someone who is a vegetarian? Thanks!

    • Thank you Chitra. Jordan is not at all difficult for vegetarians but you many have to live on a staple diet of Hummus, Baba Ganoush and bread. You also get good green salads and of course there is pizza that people can make for you. Check my first impressions of Jordan post, I have written about the vegetarian food part.

  2. Nice post Anuradha…!! I like Roack carvings the most.
    Your this trip seems like you accomplished your Mars Mission. Lol 🙂

  3. You have amazingly described Wadi Rum. The thing I love the most about them is the fact that the stays are completely eco-friendly and promote local employment.


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